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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Settings The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • Please ensure 'track changes' has been turned off on your manuscript, and you submit a clean copy - this avoids reviewers receiving a manuscript which has previous comments and changes on it.
  • It is the author's responsibility to ensure that copyright permission has been obtained for all images or other relevant items. Please indicate if images are your own work, or if the copyright is third party (owned by someone else), please show that you have permission to use it, which could include an appropriate Creative Commons licence.

Author Guidelines

The text should be single-spaced; use a 12-point font; use italics for the titles of publications; remove any underlining e.g. for URLs; and place all illustrations, figures, and tables within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.  Also please supply all illustrations as separate files, 300 dpi jpegs.

Please keep formatting to a minimum.  All headings should be placed flush left, with main headings in title case (capitalising the first letter of major words only); second and third level headings should be in sentence case (i.e first word in the heading only takes an initial capital). 

In-text references should be in Harvard style (author surname and date of publication bracketed in text; full reference in the Reference list at end of manuscript, following the format below).

Endnotes should be used only to provide additional information that is useful to explain points, but not vital to the manuscript itself.  Do not use endnotes for references.

Formatting for References


  • Non-punctuated style
  • Initials are closed up without full stops or commas between them.
  • Do not recast capitalisation of titles of books, articles and journals.

 Single author books

Surname, Initials (Year of publication) Title, Edition, Place of publication: Publisher.

 For example:

McHarg, I (1964) Design with Nature, Philadelphia: Nature History Press.

Multi-author books

Surname, Initials, [and] Surname, Initials (Year of Publication) Title, Edition, Place of publication: Publisher.

For example:

Pholeros, P, Rainow, S and Torzillo, P (1993) Housing for Health, towards a healthy living environment for Aboriginal Australia, Newport Beach NSW: HEALTHHABITAT.

Multiple references from a single author

When referencing a number of books or articles written by a single author, use the two em rule, using the authors name and indenting references below by two ems.

For example:

Tuan, YF (1974a) Sense of place: humanistic perspective.

––(1974b) Topophilia: A Study of Environmental Perception, Attitudes, and Values, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall

––(1977) Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience. London: Edward Arnold Publishers.

Edited books

Surname, Initials [and Surname, Initials] (eds) (Year of publication) Title, Edition, Place of publication: Publisher.

For example:

Cooper, CP and Smither, JC (eds) (1991) Reviewing the Past: An historical journey through southern Queensland’s major cities, London: Belhaven Press.

Book articles

Surname, Initials (Year of publication) Article Title. In Book Title, Initials Surname (ed) Place of publication: Publisher, pp Starting page[en dash]End page.

For example:

Stevens, TR (1991) New faces: architecture for modern buildings. In Cityscapes for the New Millennium, CP Cooper (ed), London: Belhaven Press, pp 106—113.

Periodical/journal articles (and newspapers)

Surname, Initials (Year of Publication) Article Title, Periodical Title [Volume(Number)] [(Month) Number], pp Starting page[en dash]End page.

For example:

Cleary, D (1993) Cracks begin to show in Russia’s nuclear test site, New Scientist (January) 16(3), pp 22—26.

Jones, S (1999) Participation and Community at the Landscape Scale, Landscape Journal 18(1), pp 65—78.


Surname, Initials (Year of Publication) Thesis Title, Thesis type, University, Place of university.

Alfaiate, T (2000) Expressão dos valores do Sítio na Paisagem, PhD Thesis, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Lisbon.

Conference papers

Surname, Initials [and Surname, Initials] (Year of Presentation) Article Title. Paper presented at the Conference title, Conference Location, Month.

 For example:

Green, R and Liang, J (2000) Global environmental change and the poetry of place: thoughts on the education of landscape architects. Paper presented at the AELA conference, University of New South Wales, NSW, March.

Newspaper articles — unknown author

Where the author is unknown, list the reference ordered by the article title instead of author surname.

Periodical Title (Year of Publication) Article Title. Day, Month.

For example:

Canberra Times (1995) Architects riot in streets. 22 April.

Internet references

Surname, Initials/Organisation, (Year of Publication) Article Title. Accessed (date month year). Internet address.

For example:

University of Adelaide (1998) Loxton landscape sustainability study. Accessed 13 October, 2004,

Referencing and citations within text

Preferably incorporate within the text rather than as footnotes. References within text should include:

  • Name of author (no initials)
  • Year of publication
  • Page number (if using a direct quote)

Citations in the text should be by the author’s last name and year of publication, enclosed in parentheses, for example (Kinsey, 1960).

If possible, insert the citation by a punctuation mark. Otherwise, insert it in a logical sentence break. If you use the author’s name within the sentence, there is no need to repeat the name in the citation; use the year of publication in parentheses, eg, ‘…the Howard Harris programme (1966)’.

If a particular page, section or equation is cited, it should be placed within the parenthesis. For example (Kinsey, 1960, p 112).

For multiple authors, use the full, formal citation for up to three authors.  

For example (White and Smith, 1977) and (Brown, Green and Stone, 1984).

For more than three authors, use (Hunt, et al, 1975).

If another work published in that year could also be identified with this same reference give all authors, or identify the specific work in a shortened version of the title, for example (Hunt, Bent, Marks and West, 1975) or (Hunt, et al, Initial Studies, 1975).

For citations listing two, or more, works by different authors within the same parentheses, list alphabetically by the primary author’s surname. Separate the citations with semicolons.

For example (Hunt et al, 1975; Kinsey, 1960; White and Smith, 1977).


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